Wind energy – the German experience in three tales
The event will be streamed live on Zoom
Meeting ID: 685 5456 1044
Dr. Britta Klagge, Professor at the Institute of Geography at Bonn University gives the lecture Wind energy – the German experience in three tales.
After decades of reliance on fossil and nuclear power, wind energy has become the most important energy source in Germany’s electricity sector. In 2020, the share of power generated from wind was 27%, while all renewables collectively accounted for more than 50%. In my talk I explore the development of wind energy in Germany, its role for the German energy transition, and associated challenges from three angles. First, by looking at industry and technology development I explain how the wind industry evolved from small-scale entrepreneurialism into a globalized industry for the production of ever larger wind turbines, with major players located in Germany. Second, I show how politics and investors initiated the German energy transition, and analyze the changing mix of investors and their strategies. Third, I focus on how geography and planning have led to a rather uneven development of wind energy in Germany, associated with various challenges both locally and for the German electricity sector as a whole. Finally, I discuss how wind energy has not only become an important economic factor, but also a controversial political theme at local, regional and national scales, and to what extent the German experience can be transferred to other countries. Afterwards I would be happy to learn more about, and discuss, the situation in Iceland.
Dr. Britta Klagge